** The search engine works best with simple, broad searches. Instead of seaching for "what is the link between education and incarceration", search under "prisons" and see if any of the results contain information about education (which some of them do).

Browse Resources

» By Math Topic
» By Social Justice Issue
» By Resource Type

Complete List

Can't find what you're looking for? Email us - we're happy to help: info@radicalmath.org

--------------------------------------

 

 

Browse Resources by article

1. "Safety Net" Fails Single Mothers During Downturns (external link)
Abstract: In the era of welfare reform, one measure of the effectiveness of economic policy is the ability of the "safety net" to protect economically vulnerable families over the course of a recession and jobless recovery. In the most recent downturn, however, the safety net failed to adequately protect one particularly vulnerable group—low-income single mothers—from income losses.
Resource Type: Article



2. 2006 Decline in SAT Scores (external link)
Abstract: From the College Board, this press release/website contains information about decreasing SAT scores in 2006. It also contains tables and data about different states, genders, races, etc.
Resource Type: Article



3. 2006 Low Income Housing Fact Sheet (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet about the housing crisis for low-income people in the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



4. 25 Fascinating Facts about Personal Debt (internal link)
Abstract: A list of 25 facts about personal debt in the US, including information such as: "The average credit card debt among all American households is $8,400."
Resource Type: Article



5. A Critical Examination of Financial Literacy Education (external link)
Abstract: This paper will take a critical look at the economics and industrial organization of the FLE industry through case studies of the homeownership education and counseling (HEC) and the consumer credit counseling (CCC) industries
Resource Type: Article



6. A Guide to Graduation Rates in NYC (internal link)
Abstract: A short guide to how graduation rates are calculated in NY, as well as data on different demographic groups and geographic areas.
Resource Type: Article



7. A HAND UP: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty
Resource Type: Article



8. A New Yorker's Guide to Military Recruitment in the 5 Boroughs (external link)
Abstract: A user-friendly guide for educators and activists interested in teaching about the military and military recruitment in New York.
Resource Type: Article



9. Achieving Adequacy: Tax Options for New York in the Wake of the CFE Case (external link)
Abstract: Achieving Adequacy is intended to provide a useful resource for understanding the impact of recent school finance legislation on the state’s tax and education system. The study examines options available to New York policy makers as they seek to adequately fund elementary and secondary education and other public services.
Resource Type: Article



10. Administration Tax-Cut Rhetoric and Small Businesses (external link)
Abstract: For the overwhelming majority of households with small-business income — about 99 percent of them — the reduction in the top income tax rate and the repeal of the estate tax offer no benefits at all.
Resource Type: Article



11. Affirmative Action: What Do We Know? (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines the research evidence on the benefits and costs of Affirmative Action, both for its intended beneficiaries and for society more broadly.
Resource Type: Article



12. Affordability of Postsecondary Education: Equity and Advocacy Across the 50 States (external link)
Abstract: This report examines trends related to two persistent patterns - inequality in financial access to postsecondary education for low-income students in the U.S., and disparities in financial access across states.
Resource Type: Article



13. African American Women Work More, Earn Less: New Census Data Show Economic and Educational Status of African American Women Stil (external link)
Abstract: Despite recent news stories implying the contrary, on most measures of economic status, U.S. Census Bureau data show that African American women are worse off than white women. This holds true when comparing the median earnings of white and African American full-time, full-year workers at every education level, and when comparing poverty rates and unemployment rates for the two groups.
Resource Type: Article



14. African Americans in the Current Recovery (external link)
Abstract: Recent employment reports reveal consistent increases in hiring, providing evidence that the jobless recovery is finally behind us. Yet, while many indicators have begun trending in the right direction, the labor market fortunes of African Americans continue to lag behind.
Resource Type: Article



15. Aid to Poor Faces Tighter Security (internal link)
Abstract: This 2003 article begins: "President Bush's budget proposes new eligibility requirements that would make it more difficult for low-income families to obtain a range of government benefits, from tax credits to school lunches."
Resource Type: Article



16. Analysis of School Finances in NY State School Districts (external link)
Abstract: Information on budgets, lawsuits, and data about the fight for school funding reform in NY
Resource Type: Article



17. And Justice For Some (external link)
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the Juvenile Justice system, looking especially at the racial disparities of the young people caught up in it.
Resource Type: Article



18. As Costs Rise in Queens, So Do Doubts About Bloomberg (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



19. Astronomical Incomes (internal link)
Abstract: This article uses a map of the United States and the distance between different cities to represent the extreme differences between the income of various people in this country.
Resource Type: Article



20. Attempting to Connect Anti-Capitalist Work with Mathematics Education: (external link)
Abstract: Pinochet’s regime measured malnutrition in relation to a person’s weight and height, in contrast to the usual comparison of weight and age. This talk will explore the connections between understanding the outrageousness of collecting such statistics, and acting to change the outrageousness of such situations
Resource Type: Article



21. Attitudes Towards Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Survey Amoung Latinos in the U.S. and Mexico (external link)
Abstract: e Pew Hispanic Center released findings from major new surveys conducted in the U.S. and Mexico on attitudes toward immigrants and immigration policy options. A survey of U.S. Latinos shows that views are not unanimous on unauthorized migrants and U.S. policy toward them. A separate survey in Mexico reveals the size of the Mexican population that is considering migration to the United States, including those inclined to come without legal status.
Resource Type: Article



22. Availability of Financing to Small Firms Using the Survey of Small Business Fianances (external link)
Abstract: This study investigates possible restricted access to credit for minority- and women-owned businesses by focusing on two types of credit from two types of creditors: commercial banks and nonbank lenders.
Resource Type: Article



23. Banking on the Bottom (internal link)
Abstract: A very important article that explores the financial options available to poor people and those living in low-income neighborhoods. It discusses the dual problem that these neighborhoods face with a paucity of banks and an abundance of check cashers and other fringe financial institutions that exploit low income people.
Resource Type: Article



24. Basic Family Budgets Better Reveal the Hardships in America (external link)
Abstract: A basic family budget is the amount required to adequately afford a safe and decent, yet modest, standard of living. These budgets are estimated for six family types—one or two parents with one, two, or three children—in over 400 U.S. communities.
Resource Type: Article



25. Basic Family Budgets: Working Families Incomes Often Fail to Meet Living Expenses Around the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: While poverty thresholds are used to evaluate the extent of serious economic deprivation in our society, family budgets—that is, the income a family needs to secure safe and decent-yet-modest living standards in the community in which it resides—offer a broader measure of economic welfare
Resource Type: Article



26. Between Hope and Hard Times in NYC (external link)
Abstract: This report explores the current demographics of poor people in New York City. It contains data on who these individuals and families are, as well as related documentation on education and skills training, economic development, and policies that support low-income workers.
Resource Type: Article



27. Big Rise in Profit Puts Oil Giants on Defensive (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the staggering incomes of large oil companies around the world, how it has come that they've become so profitable, and the impact this is having on other sectors of the global economy
Resource Type: Article



28. Boys are No Match for Girls in Completing High School (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on high school graduation rates by gender and race.
Resource Type: Article



29. Broad Survey of Day Laborers Finds High Levels of Injuries and Pay Violations (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on a 2006 study, the first and broadest of it's kind, that looked at the lives and economic situations of day laborers across the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



30. Building Self-Sufficient Families: Steps to Economic Independence in the District of Columbia (external link)
Abstract: The Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Self-Sufficiency Standard1 measures how much income working adults in the District of Columbia and its surrounding suburbs need to meet their basic needs and those of their families.
Resource Type: Article



31. Bush Tax Cuts Effects on NY (external link)
Abstract: This issue brief summarizes the findings of several previously released CTJ analyses of the Bush tax cuts, focusing on their impact on New Yorkers at different income levels and on how New York residents are affected by the ballooning federal debt.
Resource Type: Article



32. Calculating Family Budgets (external link)
Abstract: The items that are included in the basic family budgets represent the necessary components for a family to adequately meet its needs: housing, food, child care, transportation, health care, other necessities, and taxes.
Resource Type: Article



33. Can Financial Literacy Enhance Asset Building? (external link)
Abstract: Even when incentives to save and invest are strong, many low- and moderate-income families lack the basic knowledge to manage their income wisely, build wealth, and avoid excessive debt. This brief examines financial literacy research and programs to improve financial knowledge and decision-making. While research suggests that existing programs do make a difference in financial behavior, data collection and policy concerns make financial literacy a fertile ground for further development as part of an asset-building agenda.
Resource Type: Article



34. Car Title Lending: Driving Borrowers to Financial Ruin (external link)
Abstract: RL and CFA issued a first report on the car title pawn/loan industry, titled “Car Title Lending: Driving Borrowers to Financial Ruin,” which describes the title loan product and industry, illustrates predatory aspects of these over-secured small loans, and makes recommendations for stronger protections for borrowers.
Resource Type: Article



35. Chance of A Lifetime: Disconnected Youth and Job Opportunities in NYC (external link)
Abstract: This report details the growing issues of disconnected youth in NYC, and shows how they could be an important group to fill the shoes of retiring baby boomers in dozens of important city industries.
Resource Type: Article



36. Cheaters Monopoly (internal link)
Abstract: A satirical article that discusses how the game of Monopoly could be recreated with new rules based on oppression of people of color and Native Americans by white people.
Resource Type: Article



37. Chess and Origami (external link)
Abstract: This article describes how to make a chess set out of paper using Origami folds. Amazing.
Resource Type: Article



38. Child Living Arrangements by Race and Income: A Supplementary Analysis (external link)
Abstract: This supplementary analysis to the study "Declining Share of Children Lived with Single Mothers in the Late 1990s," employs an alternative methodology to provide a clearer picture of changes in living arrangements within different income groups. It also briefly discusses possible explanations for those changes.
Resource Type: Article



39. Child Poverty Among Racial Minorities (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines the effects of changing family structures on child poverty rates. The article finds that child poverty rates declined in the 1990's, and presents some interesting arguments for why this has happened.
Resource Type: Article



40. Choosing the High Road: Businesses that Pay a Living Wage and Prosper (external link)
Abstract: For wealthy Americans, the economic miracle of the ’90s represented a dream-come-true. For tens of millions of others, it represented a dream shattered. It doesn’t have to be this way. This report shows why paying a living wage to all employees is good for business, as well as workers and communities.
Resource Type: Article



41. College, Jobs, or the Military? Enlistment During a Time of War (internal link)
Abstract: This article questions what factors are associated with joining the military after high school rather than attending college, getting ajob, or doing some other activity. Three areas of influence are highlighted: educational goals, the presence of the military in ones community, and race and socioeconomic status.
Resource Type: Article



42. Community Development in Dynamic Neighborhoods: Synchronizing Services and Strategies with Immigrant Communities (external link)
Abstract: Through a review of current research and interviews with leading experts and practitioners of community development organizations, private lenders and governmental agencies, this analysis explores (1) the importance of immigrants in community development, (2) the response of community development organizations to recent demographic shifts, and (3) the challenges and opportunities practitioners face when connecting immigrants to their communities.
Resource Type: Article



43. Community Mapping: An Overview (external link)
Abstract: This website/article presents a very useful overview of how to use mapping to help with community revitilization.
Resource Type: Article



44. Comparing Minimum Wage Proposals (external link)
Abstract: Despite its importance and popularity, lawmakers have not made raising the minimum wage a priority and have let its purchasing power fall every year since 1997.
Resource Type: Article



45. Confronting Confinement: A Report of the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons (external link)
Abstract: The Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons held public hearings and met for over a year. This is there official report which looks at the conditions in confinement (violence, health care, etc)., as well as a lot of data, and recommendations for changes that need to be made.
Resource Type: Article



46. Connecting Community, Critical, and Classical Knowledge in Teaching Mathematics for Social Justice (internal link)
Abstract: In this article, Gutstein describes conceptually, and gives an example of, an aspect of teaching mathematics for Social Justice - teachers' attempts to connect three forms of knowledge: community, critical, and classical.
Resource Type: Article



47. Contacts Between Police and the Public (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



48. Corporate Income Taxes in the Bush Years (external link)
Abstract: This study details which companies have benefitted the most from the decline in corporate taxes over the past three years, and which have been less fortunate. It also measures the effects of loopholes in our corporate tax laws that predated the George W. Bush administration.
Resource Type: Article



49. Credit Matters: Low-Income Asset Building Challenges in a Dual Financial Service System (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines the nexus between the utilization of basic financial services, ownership of a transaction account, the creation and use of credit records, homeownership, and management of mortgage repayment risks.
Resource Type: Article



50. Creditors' Role in Counseling Draws Critics (internal link)
Abstract: This investigative article looked at the ways in which Credit Counseling agencies often give bad advice to people, thus plunging them deeper into debt and the cycle of poverty.
Resource Type: Article



51. Critique of "Rethinking Mathematics" - OpEd (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



52. Culturally Relevant Mathematics Teaching in a Mexican American Context (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines mathematics instruction and its intersection with culturally relevant teaching in an elementary school in a Mexican American community. Based on a collaborative study, the paper proposes a three-part model for culturally relevant instruction.
Resource Type: Article



53. Day Labor in New York: Findings from the NYDL Survey (external link)
Abstract: This report examines data from the NY Day Laborer Syrvey. It asks and attempts to answer 6 questions: Who are day laborers? What are the earnings of Day Laborers? What do they do? Why do day labor? Who hires them? Are they abused?
Resource Type: Article



54. Death on the Job: The Toll of Neglect (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at workplace injuries and deaths over time and in recent years, and contains data on different races, jobs, and states.
Resource Type: Article



55. Debtors Throng to Bankruptcy as Clock Ticks (internal link)
Abstract: This article was published just before the Bankruptcy laws in the U.S. changed drastically, and looked at different people and their reasons for filing for bankruptcy before the changes went into effect.
Resource Type: Article



56. Deciding Who’s Poor (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at the bad old (but still used) way of counting the poor, and contrast it with some of the new ways that have been proposed.
Resource Type: Article



57. Demographic Trends in the 20th Century (external link)
Abstract: This thoroughly researched paper was published by the US Census Bureau, and contains both written analysis as well as data on demographic trends in the US over the past 100 years.
Resource Type: Article



58. Did Falling Wages and Employment Increase US Imprisonment? (internal link)
Abstract: This paper studies the effects of wages and employment on men's prison admission rates in the US from 1983 to 2001. It finds that there is a significant increased in educational inequality amongst incarcerated men, and regression analysis also demonstrates the negative efects of wages and employment on black men's incarceration.
Resource Type: Article



59. Dining Out, Dining Healthy: The Link Between Public Health and Working Conditions in NYC Restaurants (external link)
Abstract: This report documents the terrible conditions that many restaurant workers in NY are forced to endure, and the impact that this has on public health and the health of restaurant patrons.
Resource Type: Article



60. Discrimination in Education Financing (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at the discrimination in education funding within African American communities. It discusses various causes for the lack of financial support, as well as remedies for this problem.
Resource Type: Article



61. Do Fat Cats Pay Lower Tax Rates than Workers? (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how the federal tax code has become so skewed in favor of investors over workers that personal taxes on earnings are now two-and-a-half times greater than personal taxes on investment income.
Resource Type: Article



62. Do Higher Minimum Wages Harm Minority and Inner-City Teens? (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the impact that raising the minimum wage would have on teenage workers who make up 27.3% of those who would be most affected by an increase.
Resource Type: Article



63. Do The Math: Can Playing Games Teach Kids about Numbers? Leaders of the Young Peoples Project Bet it Can. (internal link)
Abstract: This is an article about the Young People's Project, part of the Mississippi branch of the Algebra Project, and the success they have had at motivating young kids to learn and enjoy math.
Resource Type: Article



64. Doubly Divided: The Racial Wealth Gap (external link)
Abstract: African Americans and other minorities hold far less wealth than whites. But why should the wealth gap be so large, greater even than the racial income gap? It turns out that government has played a central role. Throughout U.S. history, countless specific laws, policies, rules, and court decisions have made it more difficult for nonwhites to build wealth, and transferred wealth they did own to whites.
Resource Type: Article



65. Driving While Black: Racial Profiling on our Nations Highways (external link)
Abstract: A short paper from the ACLU about the prevalence of racial profiling of drivers, some of the legal/policy issues behind this issue, as well as stories and examples of where and why this problem occurs
Resource Type: Article



66. Education Pays: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society (external link)
Abstract: An updated report from the Census Bureau about the advantages to having a higher education. The report looks at factors such as income and benefits.
Resource Type: Article



67. Effects of High School Exit Exams on Dropout Rates (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Education Policy convened a panel in March 2003 to discuss the most recent research on the possible link between high school exit exams and dropouts. This piece summarizes that day's discussion and includes recommendations for a research agenda and steps states should take to better understand this phenomenon.
Resource Type: Article



68. Eliminating Credit Barriers to Increase Homeownership: How Far Can We Go? (external link)
Abstract: Using data from the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), this paper estimates homeownership rates that would prevail in the United States if borrowing constraints were eliminated.
Resource Type: Article



69. Employment Rates for Single Mothers Fell Substantially During Recent Period of Labor Market Weakness (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at employment trends for single mothers since the 1990's
Resource Type: Article



70. Entreprenuerial Community Development: Exploring Social Enterprises and Strategic Alliances for Community Development Entitites (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines social entrepreneurship from a community-development perspective. The target audience is community-development nonprofit organizations. The paper presents key findings regarding both earned-income activities and strategic alliances as options for these organizations, as well as 10 key issues that arose as factors that impact their successful implementation
Resource Type: Article



71. Entreprenuership Programs that Reach Minority Youth (external link)
Abstract: Youth entreprenuership programs have blossomed in the US since the mid-1980's. This report looks at 30 examples of such programs and evaluates their work, successes, and ongoing challenges.
Resource Type: Article



72. Essential Facts About the Victims of Hurricane Katrina (external link)
Abstract: This paper provides essential facts about victims of Hurricane Katrina, highlighting the difficult conditions most victims faced long before the storm even arrived
Resource Type: Article



73. Events that Trigger Poverty Entries and Exits (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines how events - such as changes in household composition, employment status, disability status, and economic conditions - affect poverty entries and exits.
Resource Type: Article



74. Every Door Closed: Barriers Facing Parents with Criminal Records (external link)
Abstract: Each year, approximately 400,000 mothers and fathers finish serving prison sentences. As they struggle to make s fresh start, many face a barrage of problems and barriers. This set of fact sheets details the scope of the challenges that these families face.
Resource Type: Article



75. Evidence from 2000 Census About Earnings by Detailed Occupation for Men and Women (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the distribution of earning by occupation for all workers and seperately for men and women. Earnings includes wages, salaries, and self employment.
Resource Type: Article



76. FactSheet: AIDS and HIV in the US (internal link)
Abstract: Compiled from by the World Health Organization, this brief fact sheet highlights data about HIV and AIDS in the US, including number of cases and growth rates in different communities and parts of the country.
Resource Type: Article



77. Federal Regulation of Credit: The Cause or the Cure for Predatory Lending (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how, since the 1980's, developments on the federal level have been a significant – if not the primary – cause for the escalation of the predatory lending problem which is steam rolling through communities across America.
Resource Type: Article



78. Female Offenders in the Juvenile Justice System (external link)
Abstract: A statistics summary of patterns in the arrest, judicial management, and correctional placement of female offenders. Citing data from diverse sources, the study finds that females are entering the juvenile justice system more frequently and at younger ages.
Resource Type: Article



79. Fighting Poverty in New York (external link)
Abstract: Several short editorials on the causes of and solutions to issues of Poverty in NYC
Resource Type: Article



80. Financial Education in Latino Communities: An Analysis of Programs, Products and Results/Effects (internal link)
Abstract: This report finds that the US financial industry has failed to connect with Hispanics and many low-income families via financial education products and services, and explores the impact that this has on such communities
Resource Type: Article



81. Financial Literacy Stats (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



82. For Blacks, A Dream in Decline (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the sad story of job loss in African American communities, including loss of low-skilled and unionized jobs.
Resource Type: Article



83. From Sweatshops to HipHop: Once Ignored by Fashion, Youth of Color Become the Focus of its Marketing (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



84. From Unbanked to Homeowner: Improving the Supply of Financial Services for Low-Income, Low-Asset Customers (external link)
Abstract: At least 10 million American households - disproportionately poor, minority, lower income and young are unbanked. This paper explores five factors that have contributed to narrowing the gap.
Resource Type: Article



85. Gender Differences in Pay (internal link)
Abstract: This article considers the gender pay ga in the US. While there have been important gains over the past 25 years, the article examines other significant remaining gender differences.
Resource Type: Article



86. Getting Ahead: A Survey of Low-Wage Workers (external link)
Abstract: This survey was designed to explore the opinions and experiences of low-wage workers regarding career advancement, opportunities for education and job training, and job search resources, with a focus on awareness of, interest in, and usage of public resources.
Resource Type: Article



87. Getting Ahead: New Approaches to Generating Jobs and Opportunities for Residents of Low Income Communities (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how many low income community organizations are trying new strategies to increase the number of good jobs in their region’s economies and connect low income residents to these jobs
Resource Type: Article



88. Global Child Poverty (external link)
Abstract: A PowerPoint Presentation on the status of global child poverty. It looks at things like mortality rates, compares wealthy/poor countries, and discusses various commitments (and failures) that different nations have made to eradicate this problem.
Resource Type: Article



89. Good for the 'Hood? Walmart and Communities of Color (external link)
Abstract: Wal-Mart is touting not just lower prices but racial equity in its push for expansion into poor, urban communities.
Resource Type: Article



90. Gulf Families' Recovery at Risk (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the problems with Bush cutting the Davis-Bacon act after Hurricane Katrina
Resource Type: Article



91. Hardships are Widespread Among Families in Poverty (external link)
Abstract: This report summarizes recent government findings on the conditions of people living in poverty
Resource Type: Article



92. Health Disparities in New York City, 2004 (internal link)
Abstract: This comprehensive report on a 2004 city-wide survey provides data on health issues for New Yorkers including: life expectancy, cause of death, smoking, drugs and alcohol, health insurance, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, etc. The report also compares rates for different races, economic classes, and geographic areas within the city.
Resource Type: Article



93. Health in the United States, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: The chartbook assesses the Nation’s health by presenting trends and current information on selected determinants and measures of health status and utilization of health care. Determinants of health considered in the chartbook include demographic factors, poverty, health insurance coverage, and health behaviors and risk factors, including obesity, cigarette smoking, and physical activity.
Resource Type: Article



94. Here Illigally, Working Hard Paying Taxes (internal link)
Abstract: The article reports on undocumented immigrants who are paying taxes, and works to counter the argument that these immigrants are a financial burden on the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



95. High Cost of Credit: Disparities of High-Cost Loans to Minorities (external link)
Abstract: This article and website contain a report, maps, and data on the disparity of high-cost loans to minorities throughout the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



96. Higher Minimum Wage Most Helps Low-Earning Households (external link)
Abstract: This article describes the difference it does/would make for low income households when the minimum wage is raised
Resource Type: Article



97. Hispanics' Large Stake in the Social Security Debate (external link)
Abstract: This article discusses the large investment Hispanics have in the future of social security, despite conservative arguments of the contrary
Resource Type: Article



98. Hitting the 9 Million Mark (external link)
Abstract: Some experts predict there will be 9 million New Yorkers by 2030. But are such forecasts reasonable? This article explores the numbers.
Resource Type: Article



99. Hitting the Wall: Credit as an Impediment to Homeownership (external link)
Abstract: This paper focuses on one such barrier to home ownership – poor credit quality – and analyzes trends in credit quality for the overall population and demographic subgroups in the United States, focusing on estimated credit quality among renters in comparison to owners.
Resource Type: Article



100. HIV and AIDS Fact Sheet for African Americans (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the status of HIV and AIDS in Black and African-American communities as of Feb 2006
Resource Type: Article



101. Home Buying While Brown or Black (external link)
Abstract: An article about exploring the issue of racism in home-buying and discrimination in lending practices to homeowners of color.
Resource Type: Article



102. Home Sweet Home: Why America Needs a National Housing Trust Fund (external link)
Abstract: This paper shows that owning an affordable home or even finding a safe and affordable rental unit is financially unattainable for nearly half of Americans and makes an argument for why a housing trust fund would help.
Resource Type: Article



103. Housing Costs Change List of Top Areas for Poverty (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on new findings that adjust the poverty line to reflect housing costs, and find that New York, California, and Washington, DC have highest percentage of people living in poverty.
Resource Type: Article



104. How Debit Cards Can Burn a Hole in Students Pockets (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins: "To avoid sending their children off to college with a financial time bomb -- a credit card -- in their pockets, many parents have begun telling them to carry a debit card instead. But though its pitfalls are not as well known, this substitute can be just as dangerous to a student's finances and credit rating."
Resource Type: Article



105. How did Latinos Really Vote in 2004? (internal link)
Abstract: A summary on the data of Latino voting patterns in 2004, including data on who they voted for, voter rates, etc.
Resource Type: Article



106. How Latinos Pay for College (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet detailing key statistics about how Latino students pay for college, including data on financial aid and grants as compared to students of other races
Resource Type: Article



107. How the Government Measures Unemployment (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



108. How The Other Half Still Lives (internal link)
Abstract: Borrowing from the Jacob Riis book, this article reports on the living conditions of poor people in this country and how poverty is still hidden from the public eye and agenda. The author looks at issues including wages, homelessness, housing, and job availability.
Resource Type: Article



109. If you work, then you shouldn’t be poor (external link)
Abstract: A brief editorial that contends people who work should not be poor, but because the Minimum Wage is so low, and because of other policies, many who have jobs are still living far below the poverty line.
Resource Type: Article



110. Immigrants and TANF: A Look at Immigrant Welfare Recipients (external link)
Abstract: Key findings, based on case studies of New York, Los Angeles, and Houston, show that: immigrants and limited English speakers make up a significant share of those on welfare; many have significant barriers to work including less education and work history than natives; and immigrants on welfare are less likely to be working and more likely to be working in dead-end jobs. Job training programs often have English language requirements, limiting immigrants' access. The authors conclude that combining part-time work and language training can help immigrant welfare recipients move into jobs and off the welfare rolls.
Resource Type: Article



111. Improving TANF for Teens (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores which teens TANF reaches, and which teens the program does not. It also spotlights new resarch on adolescents in TANF families, and the impact of TANF rules for minor parents.
Resource Type: Article



112. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the US: 2005 (external link)
Abstract: A comprehensive analysis of recent census data on income, poverty, and health coverage.
Resource Type: Article



113. Indexing the Minimum Wage for Inflation (external link)
Abstract: A look at reasons why minimum wage should be indexed to inflation, and several states/people that are pushing for this to happen on a Federal level.
Resource Type: Article



114. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Behavior and Social Environment (external link)
Abstract: This presents data about young people's personal behavior, with a focus on illigal and high-risk behavior such as cigarette smoking, alcohol use, violent crimes (as victims and offenders).
Resource Type: Article



115. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Charactertics (external link)
Abstract: This article presents data that illustrate changes in the population and family contexts in which America's children are being raised. Nine key measures present data on trends in the size and composition of their families and the environment in which they live.
Resource Type: Article



116. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Economic Security Indicators (external link)
Abstract: The data in this report offer insights into the conditions of American children by providing information in four key areas: economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education.
Resource Type: Article



117. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Education (external link)
Abstract: This section presents key indicators on how well children are learning and progressing, including data on family reading to young children, participation in early childhood care and education, scores on national assessments, and more.
Resource Type: Article



118. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Health (external link)
Abstract: This section of this multi-part report presents information on meaures of child health, including: chronic disease, birth outcomes, mortality rates, obesity, immunization.
Resource Type: Article



119. Inequality Widens as Real Value of Minimum Wage Falls (external link)
Abstract: A brief article about how the real value of the minimum wage has fallen in recent years. Also inclues a comparison of the Minimum Wage to average wages since 1947.
Resource Type: Article



120. Is There a Nativity Gap? The Academic Performance of Immigrant Students (external link)
Abstract: A statistical analysis of the academic performance of immigrant youth which focuses on variables including ELL status, time in the country, SES, and years in public schools.
Resource Type: Article



121. It Pays to Study Hard (external link)
Abstract: A brief guide to the relationship between educational attainment and job stability, income, and other work-related issues.
Resource Type: Article



122. Jeopardizing Hispanic Homeownership: Predatory Practices in the Homebuying Market (internal link)
Abstract: This report is the first to provide a comprehensive analysis of the mortgage products and lending tactics targeted at Hispanic homebuyers. The report examines the homebuying and refinancing experiences of Latino homebuyers and the abusive lending tactics that steer Latino families into unnecessarily expensive products
Resource Type: Article



123. Job Growth Strong, But Not Enough to Spur Inflation (external link)
Abstract: An article looking at how job growth has been strong recently, and how it has not actually created inflation as many people fear job growth can cause
Resource Type: Article



124. Jobs Slayers or Fact Slayers? The Wall Street Journals flawed argument against raising the minimum wage (external link)
Abstract: A response to a Wall Street Journal editorial claiming that raising the minimum wage would hurt job growth.
Resource Type: Article



125. Jobs: Some Organizing Strategies (external link)
Abstract: This paper focuses on the types of issues and policies that can be the subject of campaigns by grassroots community groups taking on issues of jobs, targeted hiring, and improved wages and benefits.
Resource Type: Article



126. Land Sharks Circling: The Changing Financial Services System and its Implications for Low-Income Families and Communities (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores various fringe banking services that poor people are often forced to use which stand in their way of building wealth.
Resource Type: Article



127. Leaving Boys Behind: Public High School Graduation Rates (external link)
Abstract: This study uses a widely respected method to calculate public high school graduation rates for the nation, for each state, and for the 100 largest school districts in the U.S. Rates are calculated by race, gender, and overall.
Resource Type: Article



128. Let the War on the Poverty Line Commence (external link)
Abstract: The poverty line should categorize families such that those who fall below it cannot adequately meet their basic needs, given what we know about human needs and prevailing living standards.
Resource Type: Article



129. Life at the Top in America Isn't Just Better, It's Longer (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at three different New Yorkers, one rich, one poor, and one middle-class, and compares their experiences after each suffering heart attacks. In a broader sense, the article looks at the connection between wealth and health.
Resource Type: Article



130. Looking Deathworthy: Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital Sentencing Outcomes (internal link)
Abstract: This study examined whether the likelihood of being sentenced to death is influenced by the degree to which a Black defendant is perceived to have a stereotypically Black appearance.
Resource Type: Article



131. Low Cost Pay Day Loans: Opportunities and Obstacles (external link)
Abstract: The report describes several payday loan alternative models for institutions interested in offering them, as well as data on predatory lending institutions in the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



132. Low Income Hinders College Attendance for Even the Highest Achieving Students (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores the correlation between income/financial status and educational outcome
Resource Type: Article



133. Making the Rent: Rent Burdens and Hardship Among Low income New Yorkers (external link)
Abstract: This report examins the changing rent burdens for low-income New Yorkers and their potential consequences. It contains written analysis as well as graphs, charts, and key-findings.
Resource Type: Article



134. Math Emerges as Big Hurdle for Teenagers (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at a study that was done of High School dropouts, primarily young men of color, who all gave 'math' as one of the primary reasons they left school.
Resource Type: Article



135. Math, Maps, and Misrepresentation (external link)
Abstract: A goal of the map project was for students to use mathematics to analyze diverse map projections and to raise questions about what the various maps showed - and why. This article discusses this unit and reflections on it.
Resource Type: Article



136. Math, SATs, and Racial Profiling (external link)
Abstract: The author writes about how he and his students have used technology to investigate racial profiling and to analyze the relationship of family income level to scores on standardized tests.
Resource Type: Article



137. Mathematics from another World: Traditional Communities and the Alienation of Learners (external link)
Abstract: This paper reports upon a study of students learning mathematics in six English schools. It is argued that teaching and learning practices are central to the knowledge students learn and that those of traditional classrooms are sufficiently strange and other worldly to limit students’ use of mathematics in non-classroom situations
Resource Type: Article



138. Measuring Water With Justice (external link)
Abstract: This is a multidisciplinary unit that explores water issues, developed by Bob Peterson, one of the authors of Rethinking Mathematics.
Resource Type: Article



139. Minimum Wage Increased (internal link)
Abstract: An article from Jan 1, 2006 about the introduction of the new Minimum Wage in New York and its effect on poor people.
Resource Type: Article



140. Minimum Wage, the EITC, and Inflation (external link)
Abstract: The EITC and minimum wage are important policies in helping poor people, but the fact that they are not indexed to inflation mean that they are becoming increasingly less impactful.
Resource Type: Article



141. Minorities in Business, 2001 (external link)
Abstract: A report on the ownership, formation, management, financing, growth, and other social and economic characteristiscs of minority business in the US.
Resource Type: Article



142. Missing Inaction: Evidence of Undercounting of Non-Workers in the Current Population Survey (external link)
Abstract: This study examines the potential for bias in the CPS measurement of employment. It highlights which groups have been undercounted, primarily women and people of color, and discusses the implications for missing a large segment of the unemployed population.
Resource Type: Article



143. More Hard Times for New York's Working Families (external link)
Abstract: This brief details key statistics on NY's low-income families. It also provides several suggestions for what the city can do to help this group of people, as well as decrease the increasing numbers of poor people.
Resource Type: Article



144. Mortgage Loans-Is Racism a Factor? (external link)
Abstract: This lesson explores the issue of racism in mortgage loans, and uses data from Chicago to help students seek an answer to this question.
Resource Type: Article



145. Multicultural Mathematics vs. Ethnomathematics (external link)
Abstract: This brief article discusses how to tell the difference between multicultural math and ethnomathematics.
Resource Type: Article



146. NAEP Findings Regarding Race/Ethnicity: Mathematics Achievement, Student Affect, and School/Home Experiences (internal link)
Abstract: This chapter examines NAEP data on students’ mathematics achievement, attitudes toward mathematics, beliefs about mathematics, and experiences in their schools and homes. The primary focus is on race- and ethnicity-related patterns, with some attention given to SES interactions with race/ethnicity in overall achievement
Resource Type: Article



147. NAEP Findings Related to Gender: Achievement, Affect, and Learning Experiences (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on gender-related differences in student performance on the mathematics portion of the 2003 NAEP assessment. It begins by reporting overall trends in scale scores, followed by a description of gender differences within content strands and a discussion of gender and student affect data taken from the NAEP student survey
Resource Type: Article



148. New IRS Data Show Income Inequality is Again on the Rise (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the increasing gap in income amongst workers in the US
Resource Type: Article



149. New York Asks Help From Poor in Housing Crisis (internal link)
Abstract: As the NYC Housing Authority brings in less revenue and has increasing expenses, they've turned to requiring poor people in public housing to pay for more and more of their living expenses.
Resource Type: Article



150. New York State's Dual Crisis: Low Graduation Rates and Rising School Taxes (external link)
Abstract: This report examines two important and connected issues for New York state. The evidence in the report shows that NY needs to address both education reform and property tax issues simultaneously.
Resource Type: Article



151. New York States of Mind (internal link)
Abstract: An article summarizing the results of a poll of 1000 New Yorkers about NY-related issues ranging from housing, sports, city government, politics, September 11th, and more.
Resource Type: Article



152. New York Taxes Hit Poor and Middle Class Far harder than the Wealthy (external link)
Abstract: A study discussing the impact of tax policy on wealthy and poor New Yorkers
Resource Type: Article



153. On The Corner: The First National Survey On Day Laborers in the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: This report highlights the findings in the first ever survey of day-laborers in the United States by surveying over 2,000 of the estimated 117,600 day-laborers in this country. It highlights the widespread abuses, economic struggles, and demographic information about this large but until recently ignored segment of our population.
Resource Type: Article



154. Once Battered by Poverty, Three Families Find a New Start (internal link)
Abstract: An article about three families in NY, the overlapping events that occurred which sent them into poverty, and their stories of slowly trying to climb back from being poor.
Resource Type: Article



155. Out of School, Out of Work… Out of Luck? NYC'S Disconnected Youth (external link)
Abstract: This report is about NY's "disconnected youth" - the city's 16 through 24-year-olds who are neither attending school nor participating in the labor force.
Resource Type: Article



156. Outside the Law: How Lenders Dodge Community Reinvestment (external link)
Abstract: This report examines whether or not the CRA encourages lenders to do business with low income or minority borrowers, and looks specifically at loan and denial rates for different races in different parts of the country.
Resource Type: Article



157. Payday Lending and the Military (external link)
Abstract: Writing within the relatively new interdisciplinary “law and geography” movement, this Article provides geographic evidence that payday lenders do aggressively target American military personnel, irrespective of most forms of legal regulation.
Resource Type: Article



158. Paying More for the American Dream: A Multi-State Analysis of Higher Cost Home Purchase Lending (external link)
Abstract: An analysis of 2005 federal mortgage lending data shows that African American and Latino borrowers remain much more likely to pay more for their home purchase loans than white borrowers. This report examines the cost of borrowing in six metropolitan areas in the United States, and confirms that large disparities remain in the pricing of home purchase loans.
Resource Type: Article



159. Plight Deepens for Black Men, Studies Warn (internal link)
Abstract: Looking at new scholarly analysis, this article reports that Black men in this country are facing an even more dire situation than is commonly cited by employment and education statistics.
Resource Type: Article



160. Poor Prescription: The Costs of Imprisoning Drug Offenders in the United States (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines the enormous costs of imprisoning drug offenders in the U.S. It also examines how issues of race and class are central in terms of who is being incarcerated. Includes both National and State specific data.
Resource Type: Article



161. Poverty in California: Moving Beyond the Federal Measure (external link)
Abstract: This report examines poverty rates in the U.S., and adjusts for housing costs, which end up making NY, Washington DC and California the poorest places in the country. The report also challenges traditional models of measuring poverty.
Resource Type: Article



162. Poverty in the United States, 2001 (external link)
Abstract: The Census Report on Poverty in the US. Includes current and historical data by age, race, worker status and experience, depth of poverty, etc., for different regions across the United States.
Resource Type: Article



163. Poverty Trends for Families Headed by Working Single Mothers (external link)
Abstract: his analysis focuses on poverty in families headed by single mothers who work. In recent years, large numbers of families headed by single mothers have moved from welfare to work. This report addresses the question whether and to what degree those who work have improved their economic situation.
Resource Type: Article



164. Predatory Lending and the Military: The Law and Geograph of "Payday" Loans in Military Towns (external link)
Abstract: Based on extensive research, this report examines the frequency with which check cashers and pay day loan operates exist within close proximity to military bases, essentially preying off military personel who want to cash their checks.
Resource Type: Article



165. Predatory Payday Loans - A Fact Sheet (external link)
Abstract: A 2-page basic Fact Sheet about Predatory Payday loans, including some personal narratives of people affected by them.
Resource Type: Article



166. Prisoners in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: From the Bureau of Justice Statistics, this is the most recent report on prisoners in the US, including detailed charts on prisoners by race, age and gender in different geographic tracts throughout the US. It also contains some historical data and analysis of trends over the past decade.
Resource Type: Article



167. Private Accounts Would Substantially Increase Federal Debt and Interest Payments (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at the impact that privitizing social security would have on the federal debt
Resource Type: Article



168. Promising Practices in Revenue Generating for Community Organizing (external link)
Abstract: The sole purpose of this report is to strengthen the revenue base of community organizing. Intended audiences are organizers, organizing networks and other organizing intermediaries, funders, academics, and other allies of organizing.
Resource Type: Article



169. Providing the Missing Link: A Model for a Neighborhood-Focused Employment Program (external link)
Abstract: This new report, written by Wendy Fleischer and Julie Dressner for the Casey Foundation, provides a model for a neighborhood-focused workforce development strategy. With dual goals of increasing residents' employment and income, as well as increasing the quantity and quality of career opportunities, the strategy outlined in this document helps bridge the gap between low-income neighborhoods and regional workforce development programs.
Resource Type: Article



170. Public University Tuition is up Sharply for 2004 (internal link)
Abstract: A look at the increasing cost of going to public colleges across the United States.
Resource Type: Article



171. Quantifying the Financial Cost of Payday Loans in America (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Responsible Lending estimates that predatory lending fees cost US families $3.4 billion annually, and explores the scope and pervasiveness of this problem.
Resource Type: Article



172. Rapid Rip-Offs: Tax Refund Anticipation Lending in New York City (external link)
Abstract: This report by the NY Economic Development Advocacy Program (NEDAP) explores how much money low-income New Yorkers are spending on rapid-refund tax loans. It contains both written analysis, graphs, and maps.
Resource Type: Article



173. Real World Math Projects (external link)
Abstract: An article from Rethinking Schools briefly highlighting 17 social-justice based math projects
Resource Type: Article



174. Religion and Abortion Attitudes Among U.S. Hispanics: Findings from the 1990 Latino National Political Survey (internal link)
Abstract: Based on the 1990 Latino National Political Survey, this article looks at how different ethnic groups and religious groups with the Latino diaspora feel about abortion.
Resource Type: Article



175. Restaurant Hiring May Lead the Way to Wider Job Gains (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at the increase of restaurants and restaurant jobs, including fancy establishments and fast food chains. It also explores benefits offered to restaurant workers, and the finances of running such a business.
Resource Type: Article



176. Rethinking Highschool Graduation Rates and Trends (external link)
Abstract: This report examines a huge amount of data on high school graduation rates, and looks into recent and historic trends along primarily racial lines. It finds, amongst other things, that students of color are actually graduating high school at higher rates than previous studies have shown.
Resource Type: Article



177. Richest are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores how in recent years, due primarily to tax policy, the gap between the rich and the super rich has drastically widened.
Resource Type: Article



178. Rise, Peak, and Decline: Trends in US Immigration, 1992 - 2004 (external link)
Abstract: This report provides the first detailed analysis of recent year-to-year immigration flows to the United States. It breaks down the overall increases in the foreign-born population that the United States has experienced since the early 1990s into estimates of annual flows and charts key changes in its major components, including countries of origin and legal status.
Resource Type: Article



179. Self-Employed Business Ownership Rates in the United States: 1979-2993 (external link)
Abstract: A detailed summary of the data on self-employed Americans, including gender and race-based information
Resource Type: Article



180. Setting the Wrong Course: Personal Reemployment Accounts Fail to Address the Real Needs of Jobless Workers (external link)
Abstract: A critique of the Bush administrations $50 million program to create Personal Reemployment Accounts as a method of job development.
Resource Type: Article



181. Single Mothers Contrinue to Face Tough Job Market (external link)
Abstract: A look at the difficulties single mothers have had in the past 6 years obtaining jobs and surviving post Welfare reform
Resource Type: Article



182. Small Busines and Micro Business Lending in the US, 2003-2004 (external link)
Abstract: This study provides a brief review of banks’ lending activities in 2003-2004 based on two types of data reported by banks to their regulating agencies—the call reports for June 2004 and the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) reports for 2003.
Resource Type: Article



183. Social Justice Makes Sense: The Many Successes of the Community Reinvestment Act (external link)
Abstract: This bulletin focuses on how the CRA has helped lower-income people and communities gain access to credit for buying homes, expanding small businesses, and funding other types of community development.
Resource Type: Article



184. Social Security and Hispanics: A Reply to the Heritage Foundation (external link)
Abstract: A response to the conservative Heritage Foundations' reaction to an early paper documenting the significance of social security to the Hispanic population
Resource Type: Article



185. State Income Tax Burdens on Low-Income Families in 2003 (external link)
Abstract: A look at the high level of taxes paid by poor and working-class Americans and how tax policy continues to hurt, rather than help, these groups of people
Resource Type: Article



186. State of African American Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about African-American owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



187. State of Hispanic Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about Hispanic owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



188. State of Minority Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about minority owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



189. State of New York's Homeless Youth, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This detailed report provides information on the homeless youth living in NYC. Issues it covers include: alternatives to incarceration, education, housing, HIV and AIDS, medical care, legal issues, substance abuse, and more
Resource Type: Article



190. State Of The Dream 2005: (external link)
Abstract: This second annual report points out that today’s Ownership Society disowns too many Americans along racial lines. This report also offers a range of federal strategies, the community empowerment programs needed to bring them to life, and the tax policies needed to fund them.
Resource Type: Article



191. State of the Nation's Housing 2005 (external link)
Abstract: House prices, residential investment, and home sales all set records again in 2004. But higher short-term interest rates and the strongest one-year price appreciation since 1979 made it more difficult for first-time buyers to break into the market. With low-wage jobs increasing and wages for those jobs stagnating, affordability problems will persist even as strong fundamentals lift the trajectory of residential investment.
Resource Type: Article



192. State Policies to Assist Working-Poor Families (external link)
Abstract: This report outlines a number of policy options that states could adopt to assist working poor families. The rationale for each option is followed by a brief discussion of key design issues and examples of states that have adopted these policies.
Resource Type: Article



193. Stronger Links: New Ways to Connect Low-Skilled Workers to Better Jobs (external link)
Abstract: This report provides the stories and lessons learned from the most innovative programs to emerge from the Casey Foundation's Jobs Initiative.
Resource Type: Article



194. Student Debt: Bigger and Bigger (external link)
Abstract: This study explores the rising debt that young people are taking on to pay for college, and the implications for their future employment and lifestyle that having this burden will have on them. It also looks at differences in college-related debt between lower-income and high-income families.
Resource Type: Article



195. Student Debts, Stunted Lives (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the rising costs of college tuition and how increasing debt on graduates will have an effect on their future lives and families
Resource Type: Article



196. Study: Teacher-Designed Math Curriculum is Effective (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins… "A teacher-made math curriculum that stresses problem-solving and mixing high school students of different academic abilities in the same classes can lead to learning gains, a California study released last week suggests."
Resource Type: Article



197. Survey of Latino Attitudes on the War in Iraq (external link)
Abstract: Attitudes towards the war in Iraq are more negative among Latinos than in the general population, according to a Pew Hispanic Center survey conducted as President George W. Bush began his second term. A slight majority of Hispanics (51%) think U.S. troops should be withdrawn from Iraq as soon as possible. Significantly fewer (37%) say that the United States should keep military troops in Iraq until the situation has stabilized.
Resource Type: Article



198. Survey of Retail Bank Services in NY (external link)
Abstract: In the fall of 2006, the NY State Banking Department surveyed 43 banks about services they offer to consumers, particularly related to the unbanked and immigrants, and their answers are summarized in this report.
Resource Type: Article



199. Sweatshops vs. CEO Pay (internal link)
Abstract: A one-page flyer comparing the wages of Nike's CEO and a sweatshop laborer who makes Nike products
Resource Type: Article



200. Taking Stock: Housing, Homelessness, and Prisoner Reentry (external link)
Abstract: This report examines how those who have spent time in prison or jail fare in securing safe and affordable housing following their release and discusses housing programming and practice designed to assist them. First, the report discusses what is known about the barriers to housing for those returning from prisons and jails. Then, the report summarizes the proceedings from a one-day forum with experts in housing and corrections policy and practice. Last, the report highlights a number of promising housing programs available to returning prisoners and ex-offenders.
Resource Type: Article



201. Tax Cheats & Their Enablers (external link)
Abstract: A somewhat satirical look at individuals and companies that are some of our nations most egregious tax cheats, as well as the laws that enable their actions
Resource Type: Article



202. Teacher Pay Falls Behind that of other Workers Over Last Ten Years (external link)
Abstract: A look at the lag and slow growth in teachers salaries
Resource Type: Article



203. Teaching About Stocks for Fun and Propaganda (internal link)
Abstract: This article provides an important critique of the way many schools teach students about the Stock Market, including the often used (and generally fun) Stock Market Games. It focuses on the downside of these games, specifically what they teach students about capitalism, consumerism, greed, etc.
Resource Type: Article



204. Teaching and Learning Mathematics for Social Justice in an Urban, Latino school (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on a 2-year study about teaching a learning mathematics for social justice and about the role of an NCTM standards-based curriculum.
Resource Type: Article



205. Teaching Math and Social Justice: Multidimensionality and Responsibility (internal link)
Abstract: This paper draws from a larger longitudinal study that follows approximately 1000 students over four years in three California schools, and focuses on interactions among curriculum, teaching and learning which trying to understand how particular teaching approaches influence learning.
Resource Type: Article



206. Tearing the City Down: Understanding Demolition Activity in Gentrifying Neighborhoods (internal link)
Abstract: This article uses fairly complex statistical analysis to look at the impact of demolition on a gentrifying neighborhood in Chicago, and looks at the probabilty that a building in such a neighborhood will be demolished and redeveloped.
Resource Type: Article



207. The "Sad Story" of the Current Employment Picture: 4.2 million Jobs Below Normal (external link)
Abstract: A 2004 report on the loss of jobs during a 42-month recession
Resource Type: Article



208. The Accidental Landlord (internal link)
Abstract: An article about a Latino man in the Gentrifing neighborhood of Williamsburg, Brooklyn, who became a successful real-estate owner and developer.
Resource Type: Article



209. The Benefits of the Boom (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins… "It seems counterintuitive, but the luxury real estate market is helping to build housing for low- and moderate-income people."
Resource Type: Article



210. The Characteristics of Small-Business Employees (external link)
Abstract: A summary article on data gained from the CPS about small businesses, including data based on education, race, origin, age, etc
Resource Type: Article



211. The Condition of Education 2004 - Degrees Earned by Women (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the data on women in college, this short article looks at both graduation rates and degrees attained by women in both the present as well as looking back as far as 1970
Resource Type: Article



212. The Condition of Education 2005 - Employment Outcomes of Young Adults by Race/Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: Young adults with a Bachelor's Degree are less likey to be unemployed than their peers with less education, although there are differences between people of different races. This article looks at the relationship between educational attainment and employment status in general, as well as in racial categories.
Resource Type: Article



213. The Condition of Education 2005 - Status Dropout Rates by Family Income (1972-2001) (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the relationship between drop-out rates and family income for students in the US
Resource Type: Article



214. The Condition of Education 2005 - Status Dropout Rates by Race/Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: Since 1972, dropout rates for kids age 16-24 have declined. Nonetheless, rates for Hispanics remain higher than for other groups, and rates for kids of color remain higher than that for White students. This report summarizes data about dropout rates in the US in 2005.
Resource Type: Article



215. The Condition of Education in 2005 - Educational Attainment (external link)
Abstract: The percent of 25 - 29 year-olds who have completed some level of schooling has increased since the 1970s, but racial and ethnic differences in educational attainment remain. This article looks at the data and analyzes these trends.
Resource Type: Article



216. The Condition of Education, 2005 - Persistance and Attainment of Students with Pell Grants (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the data on persistance and attainment at college of students who receive Pell Grants. The article also contains a summary of data on how many Pell Grants are given, and how much is spent on this program.
Resource Type: Article



217. The Earned Income Tax Credit: Boosting Employment, Aiding the Working Poor (external link)
Abstract: A summary on the benefits of the Earned Income Tax Credit, including specific data on the impact that it has had for poor Americans
Resource Type: Article



218. The Economics of Juvenile Jurisdiction: Estimating the Costs and Benefits of the Juvenile Justice System (external link)
Abstract: Debates about handling young offenders often focuses on moral and legal principles. This article explores the feasibility of adding an economic perspective to this debate.
Resource Type: Article



219. The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men (external link)
Abstract: In this paper, the author investigates the potential connection between incarceration dynamics and AIDS infection rates with a particular emphasis on the black-white AIDS rate disparity.
Resource Type: Article



220. The Effects of the 2005 Minimum Wage Increase in NY (external link)
Abstract: A brief analysis of the impact that raising the Minimum Wage has had on New York, including job development and unemployment.
Resource Type: Article



221. The Facts About Marketing To Children (internal link)
Abstract: Background information and data about marketing to children, including how much companies spend, tactics they use, and the effects all this has on our youth.
Resource Type: Article



222. The Fall (and Rise) of Public Housing (external link)
Abstract: The authors argue in this paper that the reengineering of failed inner city public housing projects that is underway is one of the most important and positive developments in urban America in many years.
Resource Type: Article



223. The Financial Returns to Low-Income Homeownership (external link)
Abstract: This paper presents focuses on two central questions: what are the most important reasons why so many low income households do not hold a checking or savings account? Second, to what extent do households with bank accounts also participate in the fringe financial sector, and in what ways are unbanked households connected to the mainstream financial sector?
Resource Type: Article



224. The Gender Wage Gap is Real (external link)
Abstract: A brief analysis documenting the real and pervasive nature of a gender wage gap in the US
Resource Type: Article



225. The Health of Immigrants in NY (external link)
Abstract: This detailed report summarizes data about the health of immigrants in NY. It looks at several specific health areas such as access to medical care, smoking, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS rates.
Resource Type: Article



226. The High Cost of Being Poor: Another Perspective on Helping Low-Income Families Get By and Get Ahead (external link)
Abstract: The following pages examines the issue —The High Cost of Being Poor—in greater depth and highlight how states and communities are implementing numerous programs to address the problem.
Resource Type: Article



227. The Impact of Community Development Corporations on Urban Neighborhoods (external link)
Abstract: Supporters of urban revitalization have relied on community development corporations (CDCs) to carry a major share of the front-line burden. This research presents new evidence that these community-controlled, market-responsive organizations can indeed spark a chain reaction of investment. Advanced econometric analysis shows that CDC residential and commercial investments have led to increases in property values--the single-best measure of neighborhood improvement--as great as 69 percent higher than they would have been otherwise. To achieve these results, CDCs did more than just develop projects; they also brought business people, civic organizations, and public agencies into the neighborhood improvement process.
Resource Type: Article



228. The Impact of Gentrification on Voter Turnout (internal link)
Abstract: The goal of this article is to explore the impact of gentrification on political participation. Controlling for relevant individual and contextual factors, the authors find that gentrification decreases turnout among longstanding residents.
Resource Type: Article



229. The Importance of Housing to the Accumulation of Household Net Worth (external link)
Abstract: This paper we examine the effect of homeownership and housing wealth on the accumulation of household net wealth from multiple perspectives.
Resource Type: Article



230. The Importance of Social Security to the Hispanic Community (external link)
Abstract: This analysis looks at the economic and demographic characteristics that lead Hispanics to benefit disproportionately from taxes paid into the Social Security system.
Resource Type: Article



231. The Korb Report: A Realistic Defense of America (external link)
Abstract: This profile provides information on the performance of small businesses in NY state
Resource Type: Article



232. The Lottery and Income Inequality in the States (internal link)
Abstract: This article finds that state lotteries foster income concentration, and that states with lotteries have higher levels of income inequality than those states that don’t have a lottery.
Resource Type: Article



233. The Minimum Wage and EITC: Partners in Making Work Pay (external link)
Abstract: A brief piece looking at how the EITC and the minimum wage, in tandem, can make a significant difference in the economic status of poor people
Resource Type: Article



234. The New Demography of America's Schools: Immigration and the NCLB (external link)
Abstract: The demographics of US schools are changing rapidly as a result of immigration, which are occuring alongside implementation of the NCLB. This report explores how immigration is changing the profile of our student population during this era of reform.
Resource Type: Article



235. The New Math on Graduation Rates (external link)
Abstract: As it turns out, the national graduation rate is not the widely broadcast 85 percent. In our public schools, the correct figure is much closer to 68 percent. When nearly one- third of all students are failing to graduate, it's time to recheck the arithmetic. This editorial explores these issues.
Resource Type: Article



236. The New Neighbors: A User's Guide to Data on Immigrants in U.S. Communities (external link)
Abstract: This guidebook is designed to help local policy makers, program implementers, and advocates use U.S. Census and other data sources to identify immigrant populations in their local communities—their characteristics, their contributions, and their needs.
Resource Type: Article



237. The Number of Uninsured Americans Continued to Rise in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: Based on new census data, this short study summarizes key findings about Americans without health insurance
Resource Type: Article



238. The Power and Potential of the EITC in 27 Cities (external link)
Abstract: This study looks at the effect that the EITC has had on different communities throughout the U.S. in terms of helping poor people. It focuses on these different areas as well as different types of jobs, family structures, etc. Also includes great maps of each region.
Resource Type: Article



239. The Reality Behind Debt In America: Findings from a National Household Survey of Credit Debt Among Low and Middle-Income America (external link)
Abstract: This survey of 1,150 individuals represent 41 million people in the U.S. It presents key findings about the debt in this country, including average size, length of time in debt, causes and consequences, and other information sorted by various demographic perameters.
Resource Type: Article



240. The Rental Housing Affordability Gap: 2001 to 2003 (external link)
Abstract: This report compares the number of housing units available for low-income families (6 million) with the number of low-income families (7.7 million) and both the reasons for and implications of this discrepency
Resource Type: Article



241. The Self Sufficiency Standard for the City of New York 2004 (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at how much an individual, especially women, need to survive in NYC. It also looks at wages needed for self-sufficiency in different boroughs, and for women in different economic and family situations.
Resource Type: Article



242. The State of New York's Housing and Neighborhoods (external link)
Abstract: This independent report looks at the situation with housing in NYC, looking at issues including rent increases, property values, gentrification, low-income housing, etc., in the five borough
Resource Type: Article



243. The Status of Women in the States: Women's Economic Status in the States - Wide Disparities by Race, Ethnicity and Region (external link)
Abstract: The findings in this report provide an overview of women's status to assess the progress women have made and remaining obstacles to their economic quality and well-being across the country
Resource Type: Article



244. The Triumph of Hope Over Self Interest (internal link)
Abstract: This fascinating article explores the disparity between what people's economic situations really are and how they see themselves. It focuses largely around surveys done in 2004 where people of different economic backgrounds were asked questions about where they saw themselves compared to other Americans, and how far off most of them turned out to be.
Resource Type: Article



245. The Unheard Third 2005: Bringing the Voices of Low-Income New Yorkers to the Policy Debate (external link)
Abstract: A great series of graphs and data highlights from a survey of low-income New Yorkers about what their lives are like.
Resource Type: Article



246. The Uninsured Healthcare Crisis in America (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores the problem where although the US spends more on healthcare than any other nation in the world, we still have millions of people without it
Resource Type: Article



247. The Use of Citizen Surveys as a Tool For Police Reform (external link)
Abstract: Citizen surveys, long used by researchers to test hypotheses about police-citizen interactions, have recently be deployed as a tool for promoting police reform. This paper examines the citizen survey's potential role in creating more accountable and effective police forces, drawing on examples from Chicago, Illinois; Queens, New York; and St. Petersburg, Russia.
Resource Type: Article



248. The Weak Effect of Imprisonment on Crime: 1971 - 1998 (internal link)
Abstract: This article studies the impact of increasing incarceration rates on crime rates. It finds that imprisonment rates are not significantly related to crime in the majority of states for the seven crimes studied.
Resource Type: Article



249. To Bank or Not To Bank? A Survey of Low-Income Households (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at low-income homeownership compared to renting since 1983 in four metropolitan areas under a range of mortgage interest rate, refinance, and tax scenarios.
Resource Type: Article



250. Toll of Tobacco in the United States (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet about smoking in the United States with a focus on teens
Resource Type: Article



251. Too Much Month and the End of the Paycheck (external link)
Abstract: This photo essay documents people who have suffered as a result of payday loans. It also contains important facts and data on this serious issue.
Resource Type: Article



252. Trends in the Education of Hispanics (external link)
Abstract: This report examines the current situation and recent trends in the Education of Hispanics in the United States.
Resource Type: Article



253. Two Different Kinds of Math, and Two Spins on Unemployment (internal link)
Abstract: During the 2005 Mayoral race in NY, Michael Bloomberg and Fernando Ferrer used the same information to come to two very different conclusions about the state of unemployment in the city. This article looks at how they could have come to such different conclusions, and what math was used by each candidate.
Resource Type: Article



254. Two New 2006 Tax Cuts Benefits Only Wealthiest Few (external link)
Abstract: A short summary of the beneift that Bush's tax cuts have on wealthy Americans
Resource Type: Article



255. Understanding Large Numbers (external link)
Abstract: An article about how to explore number concepts, including very large numbers, within a social justice context
Resource Type: Article



256. Understanding Poverty and Economic Opportunity in the US (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



257. Understanding Predatory Lending: Moving Towards a Common Definition and Workable Solutions (external link)
Abstract: The paper sets forth three potential regulatory and legislative solutions that may address the issue of predatory lending.
Resource Type: Article



258. Understanding the Politics of Mathematical Knowledge as an Integral part of Becoming Critically Numerate (external link)
Abstract: This talk focuses on the politics of mathematical knowledge as an integral part of criticalmathematical literacy: understanding that political struggles/ choices are concealed in supposedly neutral statistical descriptions of our world; understanding how numerical data can explode the myths about the institutional structure of our society; and, understanding the limitations of the knowledge we gain from mathematical analyses of our world.
Resource Type: Article



259. Undocumented Immigrants: Data at a Glance (external link)
Abstract: There are over 10 million undocumented immigrants in the United States by the latest estimates. Over 90 percent of undocumented immigrant men work, and most pay payroll as well as consumption taxes. Two thirds of the children of undocumented immigrants are U.S.-born citizens. This piece uses fact-based evidence to dispel common myths about this controversial population.
Resource Type: Article



260. Unemployment and Joblessness in NY City, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This article examines the other side of decreasing unemployment in NY - particularly what groups are still struggling and experiencing joblessness and poverty.
Resource Type: Article



261. Unhappy Anniversary: Federal Minimum Wage Remains Unchanged for Eighth Straight Year, Falls to 56-Year Low Relative to the Avera (external link)
Abstract: This paper discusses the problem of the minimum wage staying the same while inflation continues to grow and the implications this has for poor people
Resource Type: Article



262. Uninsured Americans with Chronic Health Conditions: Key Findings from the National Health Interview Survey (external link)
Abstract: This study examines how uninsured adults with chronic health problems are faring. The analysis is based on the 2003 National Health Interview Survey, relying on self-reports of chronic health conditions. Almost half of uninsured adults with chronic conditions forgo needed medical care or prescription drugs due to cost and that they forgo care at much higher rates than their insured counterparts. Serious identifiable gaps in needed medical care were found for every racial, ethnic, and chronic illness subgroup examined.
Resource Type: Article



263. Upward Mobility Through Sport? The myths and realities (external link)
Abstract: Breaks down the unliklihood of becoming a professional athelete
Resource Type: Article



264. Urban Students Tackle Research on Inequality (external link)
Abstract: A student-written article from Rethinking Schools about the lack of funding for education and the disproportionate access to resources for students in NYC public schools
Resource Type: Article



265. US Census Bureau: 2004 Population Reports (external link)
Abstract: A list of publications from the US Census Bureau about national population statistics, including a count of current estimates of tehe number of inhabitants by state, city, county, etc., as well as nationwide. It also looks a wide variety of information on social and economic characteristics of the population such as ethnicity, income, housing, etc.
Resource Type: Article



266. US Pledges to Boost Minority Contracts (internal link)
Abstract: This article came out a few weeks after Hurricane Katrina struck, and detailed the Bush administration's plans to give out more Federal contracts to minority-owned businesses after it was discovered that they were not giving out enough.
Resource Type: Article



267. US-Europe Discord Rocks the Shared Economic Boat (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the financial relationship between the US and Europe in terms of international trade with one another, as well as their economic relations with other countries. The article also discusses how US policy has changed based on other nations' response to the Iraq War.
Resource Type: Article



268. Using Census BITS to Explore Entreprenuership, Geography, and Economic Growth (external link)
Abstract: Detailed analysis that summarizes findings on all industries, distinguishes between establishments and firms, identifies start-ups of both new firms and new secondary locations of old firms, and specifies the location, industry, and changing employment of each establishment through time.
Resource Type: Article



269. Voices from the Empowerment Zones: Insights about Launching Large-Scale Community Revitilization Initiatives (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the work done by Empowerment Zones, including where they have been successful and what their key challenges have been in providing employment for low income workers.
Resource Type: Article



270. Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2000 (external link)
Abstract: Detailed information about key trends in voter registration and habits about voters of different race, class, gender, and geographic location, based on the 2000 census
Resource Type: Article



271. Wal-Mart Memo Suggests Ways to Cut Employee Benefit Costs (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



272. Washing Away the Veil: Katrina and the Racial Wealth Divide (external link)
Abstract: Explores the racial wealth divide that is so prevalant in our country, which isn't new, but was at least brought back into public discourse by Hurricane Katrina.
Resource Type: Article



273. We The People: Asians in the United States (external link)
Abstract: This report provides a portrait of the Asian and Asian-American population in the US. It presents several demographic, social, and economic characteristics gather from the 2000 census.
Resource Type: Article



274. We The People: Hispanics in the United States (external link)
Abstract: This report provides a portrait of the Hispanic-origin population in the US. It presents several demographic, social, and economic characteristics gather from the 2000 census.
Resource Type: Article



275. Weaknesses of Unemployment Statistics (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



276. What's a Youngster to Do? The Education and Labor Market Plight of Youth in High-Poverty Communities (external link)
Abstract: Statistics show that many young adults in economically distressed communities are being left behind in educational systems and in the job market. This article highlights the magnitude of distress in selected communities.
Resource Type: Article



277. When "Free" Means Losing Your Mother: The Collision of Child Welfare and the Incarceration of Women in New York State (external link)
Abstract: This report explores the connection between a dysfunctional, poorly funded welfare system and the rise of women in prison. It also looks into the experience of these women as they try to maintain a connection to their children.
Resource Type: Article



278. When Even Mathematicians Don’t Understand the Math (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at how within the field of mathematics, there are math problems and situations that are so complex that most mathematicians cant even understand them. Therefore, given this reality, the article looks at what kinds of math people are studying and working on, and which of these members of the general public can relate to.
Resource Type: Article



279. When Learning No Longer Matters: Standardized Testing and the Creation of Inequality (external link)
Abstract: This article considers the inequities that are created by standardized tests. It is argued that the standardized test upon which this judgment was based, and similar tests used throughout the country, stack the deck against language learners, and students from minority ethnic and cultural groups and low-income homes.
Resource Type: Article



280. When Smoking is a Matter of Money (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at how an increase in the cost of cigarettes has decreased the number of teens who [can afford to] smoke. It also contains general information about teen smoking habits in the US
Resource Type: Article



281. Who Are Low-Income Working Families? (external link)
Abstract: Over the past decade, national policy has emphasized the centrality of parental work in strategies to support low-income families. This emphasis is exemplified by the fact that the earned income tax credit (EITC), the nation's largest cash assistance program for low-income families, is available only to those who are working. It is natural to ask, therefore, who working low-income families are and how they are faring. This paper addresses these questions.
Resource Type: Article



282. Who Gets the Child Tax Credit (external link)
Abstract: A 5-page summary of the current statistics on the Child-Tax Credit. It also looks at the economic impact on poor families from this credit.
Resource Type: Article



283. Who Hurts? (internal link)
Abstract: An article about gentrification in Brooklyn, NY, looking at various neighborhoods, people, and small businesses and how they have been affected by the recent changes.
Resource Type: Article



284. Who's poor? Don't ask the Census Bureau (external link)
Abstract: A critique of the methodology used to measure poverty which argues that in fact many more people are poor than our current method shows
Resource Type: Article



285. With Math, It's Like You Have More Defense': Students use Math to Investigate and Affect Overcrowding at Their School (external link)
Abstract: An article from Rethinking Schools about using math to explore overcrowding in an urban school.
Resource Type: Article



286. Women's Work and Women's Wages: Works That is Never Done (external link)
Abstract: Facts, figures, and analysis about the historical as well as contemporary income gap between men and women
Resource Type: Article



287. Working Hard, Falling Short (external link)
Abstract: The Working Poor Families Project examines both the conditions of low-income working families with children and public policies that can help improve their lives. This report builds on that work and takes a broader look at low-income working families across the nation and key facets of an economic and public system that affect their ability to achieve economic security.
Resource Type: Article



288. Working to Make Ends Meet: Understanding the Income and Expenses of America's Low-Income Families (external link)
Abstract: This report clarifies the discussion and debate over what constitutes a low-income working family, documents the size and characteristics of low-income working population, and examines their incomes and expenditures. Using data from the 2002 round of the National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), we find that low-income families (income below twice the federal poverty line) with at least one full-time, full-year worker have incomes that are roughly in line with their basic expenses thanks to their work effort, earned income, and a generous refundable Earned Income Tax Credit; however, low-income families without a full-time, full-year worker do not appear to have enough income to cover their basic expenses.
Resource Type: Article



289. Young College Graduates Face a Weak Job Market (external link)
Abstract: An economic snapshot that looks at the decline of real wages and available jobs for college graduates from 1979 through 2005
Resource Type: Article




Copyright © 2007 RadicalMath
  

How-To Guide
The "Guide for Integrating Issues of Social and Economic Justice into Mathematics Classrooms and Curriculum" has been updated. Download.

K. Wayne Yang
2007 Panelist
Assistant Professor of Ethnic Studies
UCSD
Co-Founder
East Oakland Community High School